2004 AP Psychology Free-Response Questions
Directions: You have 50 minutes to answer BOTH of the
following questions. It is not enough to answer the question by merely listing
facts. You should present a cogent argument based on your critical analysis of
the questions posed, using appropriate psychological terminology.
- Dr. Franklin investigated the relationship between
stress and physical illness. She persuaded a high school principal to
require all female athletes in the school to participate in her study. She
explained the purpose of her research to the athletes and asked them to use
a standard form to rate the severity of their stress over the last six
months. More than 250 athletes completed the form. Then Dr. Franklin
analyzed the forms returned by the first 100 athletes. She requested the
attendance records from the nurseís office for each of those athletes to
verify the number of days absent due to illness during the same six-month
period. In the debriefing summary that Dr. Franklin sent to the 100
athletes after she completed the study, she stated that athletes who
reported more stress also experienced more frequent illness. Dr. Franklin
concluded that stress causes physical illness.
Identify the research method used by Dr. Franklin.
Describe the operational definitions of the TWO key variables that
Dr. Franklin used in the study.
Based on the information provided, describe ONE appropriate and
ONE inappropriate ethical feature of the study.
Identify ONE statistical technique that Dr. Franklin could use to
represent the relationship between the variables in the study.
Describe TWO aspects of research design that weaken the validity
of Dr. Franklinís conclusion that stress causes physical illness.
- Time is an important variable in many psychological
concepts. Describe a specific example that clearly demonstrates an
understanding of each of the following concepts and how it related to or is
affected by time. Use a different example for each concept.
- Critical period
- Fluid intelligence
- Group polarization
- James-Lange theory of emotion
- Presentation of the conditioned stimulus (CS) and
unconditioned stimulus (UCS) in classical conditioning
- Refractory period of neural firing
- Sound localization
- Spontaneous recovery