Name: 
 

Intelligence



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

If Jane's intelligence quotient is 100, we know that she has a
a.
perfect score on a set of age-related tests.
b.
test performance superior to 90% of other children the same age who took the test.
c.
mental age typical of children who have the same chronological age.
d.
mental age below those of children with the same chronological age.
 

 2. 

__________ involve(s) an ability to manage your own thinking and problem solving.
a.
Metacognitive skills
b.
Experiential intelligence
c.
Speed of processing
d.
Frames of mind
 

 3. 

The intelligence test scores of identical twins are
a.
lower when they are raised together than when they are raised apart.
b.
greater than that for fraternal twins raised together.
c.
lower than that for any other blood relatives.
d.
the same whether they are reared together or apart.
 

 4. 

__________ intelligence tests assess a wide variety of mental abilities.
a.
IQ
b.
Special
c.
Multiple
d.
General
 

 5. 

Which is the most closely related to poverty?
a.
metabolic disorders
b.
familial retardation
c.
birth injuries
d.
fetal damage
 

 6. 

Having 47 chromosomes in each cell instead of 46 is a characteristic of
a.
Down syndrome.
b.
cretinism.
c.
hydrocephaly.
d.
microcephaly.
 

 7. 

Which of the following is part of Wechsler's definition of intelligence?
a.
naturalistic intelligence
b.
iconic memory and eidetic imagery
c.
ability to deal effectively with the environment
d.
spatial and kinesthetic abilities
 

 8. 

In Binet's test of intelligence, items included at each age level were those which
a.
could be answered by an average child of that age.
b.
measured rote learning and memory.
c.
revealed a child's grade level in school.
d.
required creative as well as correct answers.
 

 9. 

Which of the following is an approach to measuring reliability?
a.
negative correlation
b.
double-blind
c.
content
d.
test-retest
 

 10. 

Which of the following statements concerning the relationship between inspection time and IQ is true?
a.
The longer the inspection time, the greater the intelligence.
b.
The longer the inspection time, the lower the intelligence.
c.
The shorter the inspection time, the lower the intelligence.
d.
Inspection time and intelligence are not related.
 

 11. 

Terman showed that mentally gifted children
a.
have a greater susceptibility to mental illness in adulthood.
b.
score in the average IQ range as adults.
c.
are successful during their youth but fail to reach their potential in adulthood.
d.
are generally successful in their chosen occupations as adults.
 

 12. 

Which of the following is one of Gardner's types of intelligence?
a.
executive skills
b.
ethics
c.
music
d.
creativity
 

 13. 

Who would be the best norm group for the ACT or SAT college-entrance tests?
a.
lawyers
b.
high school seniors
c.
college graduates
d.
college sophomores
 

 14. 

__________ is the capacity for learning certain and specific abilities.
a.
Achievement
b.
Intelligence
c.
Aptitude
d.
Scholastics
 

 15. 

Mental retardation caused by birth injuries or fetal damage is called __________ retardation.
a.
organic
b.
familial
c.
incidental
d.
medical
 

 16. 

Selective breeding for desirable characteristics is called
a.
cretinism.
b.
adaptive behavior.
c.
microcephaly.
d.
eugenics.
 

 17. 

It can be argued that standardized testing (such as the SAT) is beneficial because
a.
it can help label people as genius and gifted.
b.
there is a perfect correlation between standardized tests and academic performance.
c.
they predict future occupational success.
d.
they are fairer and more objective than admission officers' judgments.
 

 18. 

The fact that fraternal twins are more similar in intelligence than ordinary siblings suggests the importance of
a.
common hereditary factors.
b.
common environmental factors.
c.
genetic effects.
d.
effects of intrauterine environment.
 

 19. 

A school curriculum built on Howard Gardner's theory of intelligence would provide
a.
neuromuscular training because such skills underlie general intelligence.
b.
training in logic, rhetoric, philosophy and math to strengthen the general factor in intelligence.
c.
emphasis on creative, artistic abilities rather than the traditional emphasis on cognitive abilities.
d.
a diverse curriculum with education in skills not traditionally associated with IQ.
 

 20. 

Standardization includes formalizing testing procedures and establishing
a.
goals.
b.
plans.
c.
norms.
d.
forms.
 

 21. 

Which of the following is a factor that influences success for the gifted?
a.
extrinsic motivation
b.
level of adjustment
c.
persistence
d.
sibling rivalry
 

 22. 

The person responsible for the development and design of the first useful individual test of intelligence is
a.
Freud.
b.
Terman.
c.
Binet.
d.
Wechsler.
 

 23. 

The items actually selected for an intelligence test provide a(n) __________ definition of intelligence.
a.
functional
b.
valid
c.
reliable
d.
operational
 

 24. 

Speed of processing has been measured by which of the following techniques?
a.
the number of mistakes a person makes
b.
the amount of time a person needs to clap their hands when instructed
c.
the brain activity that follows exposure to a stimulus
d.
how quickly a person can blink their eyes after being told to do so
 

 25. 

The distribution of IQ scores
a.
is approximately normal or bell-shaped.
b.
shows that most people score between 80 and 100.
c.
reveals a difference in the average for men and women.
d.
falls off abruptly above 100.
 

 26. 

When the same procedures are used in giving a test to all people, the test has been
a.
validated.
b.
normalized.
c.
operationalized.
d.
standardized.
 

 27. 

The term "g-factor," written about by Neisser, refers to
a.
generation factors.
b.
general abilities.
c.
Gardner factors.
d.
group factors.
 

 28. 

The best summary statement regarding the role of heredity on human intelligence is that
a.
heredity may impose upper limits on intelligence.
b.
heredity may impose lower limits on intelligence.
c.
intelligence is almost completely related to genetic inheritance.
d.
the similarity in IQ scores among maternal relatives is greater than that among paternal relatives.
 

 29. 

A psychologist administers an intelligence test to 100 fourth graders. One month later the psychologist returns and readministers the test. The psychologist is probably interested in
a.
the validity of the test.
b.
an operational definition of "intelligence."
c.
the creation of a "culture fair" test.
d.
the reliability of the test.
 

 30. 

Howard Gardner has theorized all of the following types of intelligence EXCEPT
a.
language.
b.
creativity.
c.
interpersonal skills.
d.
intrapersonal skills.
 

 31. 

The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
a.
was specifically designed to test adult intelligence.
b.
provides separate scores for performance intelligence and verbal intelligence.
c.
is completely culturally fair, in that children of different cultures do just as well as children in this culture.
d.
assumes that intellectual ability in childhood improves as age increases.
 

 32. 

Which form of retardation can be controlled by a special diet?
a.
microcephaly
b.
hydrocephaly
c.
PKU
d.
Down syndrome
 

 33. 

Sandra is below normal intelligence but she is able to tell you the exact day of the week of September 13, 1957. She has __________ syndrome.
a.
genius
b.
savant
c.
giftedness
d.
calendar assessment
 

 34. 

If one psychologist administers a test simultaneously to several people, it must be a __________ test.
a.
reliable
b.
individual
c.
performance
d.
group
 

 35. 

When a person of limited intelligence shows exceptional abilities in art, music, mental arithmetic, or calendar calculations, it is called
a.
genius.
b.
giftedness.
c.
discalcula.
d.
savant syndrome.
 

 36. 

IQ may be defined as
a.
MA/CA ´ 100.
b.
CA/MA ´ 100.
c.
MA/100 ´ CA.
d.
MA x CA ´ 100.
 

 37. 

A genetically-induced lack of an enzyme that is a cause of a type of mental retardation describes
a.
microcephaly.
b.
cretinism.
c.
hydrocephaly.
d.
phenylketonuria.
 

 38. 

The average twelve-year-old child has a mental age equal to
a.
100.
b.
120.
c.
10.
d.
12.
 

 39. 

Billy has a mental age of 8 and a chronological age of 10. Billy's IQ is
a.
108.
b.
125.
c.
80.
d.
92.
 

 40. 

Howard Gardner theorizes that there are __________ different kinds of intelligence.
a.
2
b.
3
c.
8
d.
120
 

 41. 

Cross-cultural studies during the last thirty years show
a.
virtually no changes in measured intelligence.
b.
IQ gains of about 5 points.
c.
evidence of genetic drift.
d.
IQ gains that are typically 15 points.
 

 42. 

A large number of people were asked to answer only the odd-numbered questions on a test. Later, they are asked to answer only the even-numbered questions. By comparing each person's two scores, a determination of the test's __________ reliability could be made.
a.
split-half
b.
equivalent form
c.
test-retest
d.
alternative form
 

 43. 

A test is said to be reliable if it
a.
measures the skill it claims to test.
b.
is unaffected by external factors such as the time of administration.
c.
gives about the same score to a person when given on different occasions.
d.
allows one to correctly predict who will be successful when placed in a real-life situation.
 

 44. 

Helena took a(n) __________ test which indicated that she could excel in teaching English as a second language.
a.
intelligence
b.
special aptitude
c.
multiple aptitude
d.
achievement
 

 45. 

Which of the following is another word for reliability?
a.
dependence
b.
consistency
c.
relevance
d.
validity
 

 46. 

The correlation of intelligence test scores between identical twins is
a.
higher when they are raised together than when they are raised apart.
b.
lower than that for fraternal twins raised together.
c.
the same as that for any other blood relatives.
d.
the same whether they are reared together or apart.
 



 
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