Name: 
 

The Brain



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The most obvious difference between the human brain and the brain of a carp would be in the
a.
hypothalamus.
b.
thalamus.
c.
cerebellum.
d.
cerebral cortex.
 

 2. 

The major link between the brain and the glandular system is the
a.
hypothalamus.
b.
pituitary.
c.
CNS.
d.
midbrain.
 

 3. 

__________ is closely related to grammar and pronunciation.
a.
Aphasia
b.
Broca's area
c.
Wernicke's area
d.
Agnosia
 

 4. 

One of the main differences between the brains of people who score high on mental tests and those who score low indicate that higher scorers have
a.
higher levels of gray matter.
b.
lower levels of gray matter.
c.
lower PET scan recordings.
d.
higher PET scan recordings.
 

 5. 

Damage to the cerebellum would most likely result in
a.
heart stoppage or respiratory failure.
b.
a loss of hearing ability.
c.
a loss of muscular coordination.
d.
a reduction in emotional response.
 

 6. 

The endocrine system
a.
is the only communications network in the body.
b.
depends on electrical messages for communication.
c.
secretes hormones into the blood stream for communication.
d.
secretes hormones into the exocrine ducts for communication.
 

 7. 

An elderly acquaintance of yours has suffered from partial blindness since she had a stroke. Apparently the stroke damaged her
a.
occipital lobe.
b.
parietal lobe.
c.
temporal lobes.
d.
reticular formation.
 

 8. 

The pons acts as a bridge between the medulla and other brain areas and influences
a.
activity.
b.
sleep and arousal.
c.
motor behavior.
d.
higher reasoning.
 

 9. 

You are walking through a bad part of town, down a dark alley, and carrying a large amount of cash. Behind you, you hear a door open and close suddenly, and you immediately dive into the nearest trash container. The part of the forebrain mainly responsible for your reaction is the
a.
hippocampus.
b.
medulla.
c.
cerebrum.
d.
amygdala.
 

 10. 

An EEG records
a.
the number of neurons in the brain.
b.
electrical impulses from the brain.
c.
chemical activity in the cranial nerves.
d.
direct electrical stimulation and activation of the brain.
 

 11. 

As we move from lower to higher animals a larger proportion of the brain is devoted to
a.
unusually large occipital lobes.
b.
the corpus callosum.
c.
the cerebrum.
d.
the spinal cord.
 

 12. 

Using an electrode, an experimenter produces flashes of colored light and simple visual experiences in a patient undergoing brain surgery. Most likely she has activated the
a.
parietal lobe.
b.
frontal lobe.
c.
occipital lobe.
d.
temporal lobe.
 

 13. 

The cerebral cortex is composed of two sides or __________.
a.
pons
b.
positrons
c.
connector neurons
d.
hemispheres
 

 14. 

The brainstem consists mainly of the
a.
cerebellum and the cerebral cortex.
b.
cerebrum and the medulla.
c.
medulla and the cerebellum.
d.
cerebral cortex and the medulla.
 

 15. 

A person who had difficulty __________ would be described as having aphasia.
a.
walking
b.
smelling
c.
eating
d.
communicating
 

 16. 

In order to perform a split-brain operation, the __________ must be severed.
a.
pons
b.
cerebellum
c.
corpus callosum
d.
cerebral cortex
 

 17. 

The __________ cerebral hemisphere is superior at perceptual skills and detecting
and expressing emotion.
a.
right
b.
left
c.
cortical
d.
subcortical
 

 18. 

By using electrical stimulation, reward (or "pleasure centers") and punishment (or "aversive" areas) can be shown to exist in the
a.
corpus callosum.
b.
limbic system.
c.
occipital lobe.
d.
thalamus.
 

 19. 

Many addictive drugs stimulate the pleasure centers of the
a.
medulla.
b.
cerebellum.
c.
frontal cortex.
d.
limbic system.
 

 20. 

Agnosia may sometimes be helped by
a.
cues of touch.
b.
visual cues.
c.
waiting long enough to think through an answer.
d.
speech therapy.
 

 21. 

There is a greater portion of motor cortex for the
a.
mouth.
b.
hands and fingers.
c.
feet and toes.
d.
legs.
 

 22. 

The limbic system is responsible for
a.
the control of hunger, thirst, and sex.
b.
executive functions.
c.
heartbeat and breathing regulation.
d.
auditory processing.
 

 23. 

An innovative scanning technique that uses magnetic technology to visualize brain activity is called
a.
PET.
b.
MRI.
c.
CAT.
d.
fMRI.
 

 24. 

The technique that uses a magnetic field to develop an image of the brain is called the
a.
clinical scan
b.
ablation technique
c.
MRI scan
d.
EEG
 

 25. 

There is more somatosensory cortex for the
a.
mouth.
b.
shoulder.
c.
feet.
d.
legs.
 

 26. 

The sense of smell depends on the __________ lobe.
a.
frontal
b.
occipital
c.
parietal
d.
temporal
 

 27. 

If the brain were similar to the postal system, the function of the thalamus would be similar to the role of
a.
postmaster.
b.
mail sorter.
c.
mail carrier.
d.
Postmaster General.
 

 28. 

The use of an electrode to destroy small areas of the brain beneath the surface is called
a.
ablation.
b.
deep lesioning.
c.
surface lesioning.
d.
electroencephalography.
 

 29. 

Which of the following is most closely associated with language comprehension?
a.
aphasia
b.
Broca's area
c.
Wernicke's area
d.
agnosia
 

 30. 

The __________ cortex is all areas of the cerebral cortex that are not sensory or motor in function.
a.
association
b.
aphasia
c.
Broca's
d.
agnosia
 

 31. 

Which of the following is most closely associated with language production?
a.
aphasia
b.
Broca's area
c.
Wernicke's area
d.
agnosia
 

 32. 

The reflex control centers for vital life functions like heart rate and breathing are found in the
a.
forebrain.
b.
medulla.
c.
pleasure center.
d.
pituitary gland.
 

 33. 

Experiments with animals have found pleasure centers to be located in the
a.
pituitary gland.
b.
left parietal lobe.
c.
hypothalamus.
d.
amygdala.
 

 34. 

Which of the following involves electrical brain wave measurement?
a.
clinical studies
b.
ablation
c.
MRI scan
d.
EEG
 

 35. 

The area of the frontal lobe that directs the body's muscles is called the
a.
somatosensory area.
b.
associative area.
c.
motor cortex.
d.
cerebral cortex.
 

 36. 

Bodily sensations such as touch, temperature, and pressure register in which brain area?
a.
the occipital lobes
b.
the parietal lobes
c.
the temporal lobes
d.
the frontal lobes
 

 37. 

The surgical procedure of cutting the corpus callosum is done in cases of
a.
communication problems.
b.
severe epilepsy.
c.
injury or stroke.
d.
split personality.
 

 38. 

Which of the following statements concerning the brain is true?
a.
Because the cerebrum is so indispensable to functioning, damage to it may endanger a person's life.
b.
Even if damage is limited to less crucial areas of the cortex, the person's behavior changes so radically that even casual observers know that some brain damage has occurred.
c.
Damage to the subcortex may endanger a person's life.
d.
The cerebral cortex is considered a part of the hindbrain.
 

 39. 

Which of the following is a major function of the somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex?
a.
primary area for receiving visual information
b.
analysis of body sensations
c.
location of motor control of the body
d.
primary area for receiving auditory information
 

 40. 

An elderly woman suffered a stroke, and there was injury to Broca's area of her brain. Her resulting speech impairment is called
a.
aphasia.
b.
agnosia.
c.
mind blindness.
d.
neglect.
 

 41. 

Which of the following changes would you expect to occur in someone whose frontal lobes were damaged in an accident?
a.
development of blank spots in the visual field
b.
reduced capacity to hear high frequency sounds
c.
reduced reasoning and planning abilities and changes in personality
d.
inability to demonstrate complex motor skills
 

 42. 

Which of the following describes brains of persons who do well on mental tests?
a.
They seem to work the hardest.
b.
They seem to consume the least glucose.
c.
They have the largest corpus callosums.
d.
They are the easiest to study using EEGs.
 

 43. 

Creating the magic of consciousness is carried out primarily by
a.
the hindbrain.
b.
the midbrain.
c.
the forebrain.
d.
the brainstem.
 

 44. 

The two cerebral hemispheres are connected by a band of fibers called
a.
the corpus callosum.
b.
the cortex.
c.
connector neurons.
d.
association fibers.
 

 45. 

Electrical stimulation of the brain
a.
begins with the implantation of thin metal electrodes deep within the brain.
b.
cannot be used to electrically activate specific brain areas.
c.
takes minutes to call forth aggressive behavior.
d.
cannot effect behaviors such as sleeping and euphoria.
 

 46. 

Language is controlled by the __________ of the brain.
a.
right hemisphere
b.
left hemisphere
c.
subcortical region
d.
occipital lobe
 

 47. 

The __________ gland is involved in the regulation of growth.
a.
pituitary
b.
pineal
c.
thyroid
d.
adrenal
 

 48. 

The increased size and wrinkling of the cerebral cortex in higher animals is referred to as
a.
cerebralization.
b.
hemispherization.
c.
corticalization.
d.
reticulation.
 

 49. 

An accident victim is shown a picture of a car and says, "dar." This person is suffering from
a.
Broca's aphasia.
b.
mindblindness.
c.
damage to Wernicke's area.
d.
agnosia.
 

 50. 

The visual area of the brain is located in the __________ lobe.
a.
frontal
b.
parietal
c.
occipital
d.
temporal
 

 51. 

Weeks after an automobile accident, a friend continues to have difficulty maintaining balance and movements. You should suspect that damage may have occurred to the
a.
corpus callosum.
b.
cerebellum.
c.
medulla.
d.
reticular formation.
 

 52. 

An aphasia is a speech disturbance; an agnosia is
a.
the inability to identify objects.
b.
also related to the speech center.
c.
controlled by the thalamus.
d.
a thought disturbance.
 

 53. 

The reticular formation (RF) is associated with
a.
hunger and thirst.
b.
attention and wakefulness.
c.
sex, rage, and emotion.
d.
pleasure and punishment.
 

 54. 

The association areas of the cerebral cortex
a.
are largest in the brains of lower animals.
b.
are directly related to such functions as thinking, language, and memory and include Broca's and Wernicke's areas.
c.
process simple sensory information, like light, sound, and touch.
d.
are not essential to the performance of higher mental functions.
 

 55. 

Which of the cerebral hemispheres is superior at drawing a picture?
a.
left
b.
right
c.
subcortical
d.
mid
 

 56. 

In most people, the right hemisphere of the brain is in charge of
a.
language.
b.
logic.
c.
art.
d.
mathematics.
 

 57. 

If a "split-brain" subject were given a key (hidden from sight) to feel with his left
hand, he
a.
could easily name what he had touched.
b.
would be unable to describe the object.
c.
would be able to point to the key with his right hand.
d.
would have to wait for the information transfer to take place before describing it.
 

 58. 

As one moves up the evolutionary scale, development of the nervous system shows
a.
an increase in the brain tissue devoted to the cerebral cortex.
b.
corticalization of the peripheral nervous system.
c.
a decrease in the size of cortical association areas.
d.
a diminishing importance of the corpus callosum.
 

 59. 

Which of the following is most involved in the production of emotion?
a.
the occipital lobe
b.
the limbic system
c.
the medulla
d.
the pituitary gland
 

 60. 

In higher animals, visible portions of the brain are covered with a wrinkled layer of gray matter called the
a.
cerebral cortex.
b.
cerebellum.
c.
corpus callosum.
d.
forebrain.
 

 61. 

Although the human brain weighs approximately 3 pounds, it is also important to take into consideration __________ when comparing it to the brain of an elephant or whale.
a.
the cortex weight
b.
the body weight
c.
the caloric intake weight to brain weight ratio
d.
the brain weight to body weight ratio
 

 62. 

The occipital lobe is to vision as the parietal lobe is to
a.
smell.
b.
touch.
c.
hearing.
d.
complex behaviors.
 

 63. 

Surgical removal of parts of the brain to determine their function relies on a technique called
a.
positron emission.
b.
corticalization.
c.
ablation.
d.
ultrasound.
 

 64. 

Broca's area is located on the
a.
right parietal lobe.
b.
left parietal lobe.
c.
right frontal lobe.
d.
left frontal lobe.
 

 65. 

A patient who has suffered brain damage to the left hemisphere is likely to
experience diminished capacity for
a.
naming objects.
b.
recognizing faces.
c.
composing melodies.
d.
identifying emotions.
 

 66. 

The functions of the amygdala include
a.
delivery of electrical stimulation to the limbic system.
b.
stopping electrical stimulation to the limbic system.
c.
stimulating the "pleasure" centers of the limbic system.
d.
helping us react to dangerous stimuli through a quick fear response.
 

 67. 

Does having a larger brain make a person smarter?
a.
Recent research found a positive correlation between intelligence and the size of several higher brain structures.
b.
The overall volume of gray matter is not correlated with IQ test scores.
c.
Brain size alone determines human intelligence.
d.
Environment has clearly been found to be the sole determinant of human intelligence.
 

 68. 

The cerebral cortex is
a.
the two large hemispheres that cover the upper part of the brain.
b.
the highest and largest brain area in humans.
c.
the bundle of fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres.
d.
the outer layer of the cerebrum.
 

 69. 

Brain centers for most vital functions are
a.
distributed randomly throughout the cerebral cortex.
b.
localized in the left cerebral hemisphere.
c.
localized in the right cerebral hemisphere.
d.
localized deep within the brain in the upper brainstem.
 

 70. 

The hippocampus
a.
is part of the hypothalamus.
b.
is associated with forming lasting memories.
c.
has direct connections to the occipital lobe.
d.
is involved with sensing emotion.
 

 71. 

Which statement concerning brain function is TRUE?
a.
The left side of the body is generally controlled by the left hemisphere.
b.
The left side of the body is generally controlled by the right hemisphere.
c.
The right hemisphere is the dominant hemisphere in males but not in females.
d.
A stroke to a person's left hemisphere will affect the left side of his or her body.
 

 72. 

Sue has recovered from extensive injury to her left cerebral hemisphere and has continued her career with little sign of impairment. Her occupation is most likely
a.
graphic artist.
b.
accountant.
c.
English teacher.
d.
sports writer for a newspaper.
 

 73. 

A new, improved brain imaging technique for measuring glucose metabolism of the brain is called
a.
MANSCAN.
b.
PET scan.
c.
MRI.
d.
CT scan.
 

 74. 

The greater the sensitivity of a part of the body,
a.
the larger the area of somatosensory cortex associated with it.
b.
the smaller the area of somatosensory cortex associated with it.
c.
the smaller the area of motor cortex associated with it.
d.
the larger the area of the cerebellum associated with it.
 

 75. 

The __________ area in the brain acts as a final "switching station" for most incoming sensory information.
a.
superior colliculus
b.
reticular formation (RF)
c.
autonomic nervous system
d.
thalamus
 

 76. 

Which of the following is NOT controlled by the hypothalamus?
a.
sex
b.
eating and drinking
c.
temperature control
d.
posture
 

 77. 

The somatosensory area is located in the
a.
temporal lobes.
b.
parietal lobes.
c.
occipital lobes.
d.
frontal lobes.
 

 78. 

Destruction of the reticular activating system would result in
a.
coma.
b.
dizziness.
c.
blurred vision.
d.
aphasia.
 

 79. 

The __________ is the part of the brain that stores lasting memories.
a.
hindbrain
b.
temporal lobe
c.
occipital lobe
d.
hippocampus
 

 80. 

__________ measures the structure of the brain by utilizing a series of x-rays.
a.
EEG
b.
CT scan
c.
MRI scan
d.
PET
 

 81. 

John has some paralysis and loss of sensation in his right side after a motorcycle accident. It is likely that there is brain damage in the
a.
cerebellum.
b.
left hemisphere.
c.
corpus callosum.
d.
right hemisphere.
 

 82. 

Dave has just had some medical tests conducted. One of the tests recorded Dave's brain waves on a moving sheet of paper. Dave was probably given the
a.
EEG.
b.
CT scan.
c.
MRI scan.
d.
PET scan.
 

 83. 

The __________ regulates the functioning of other glands.
a.
pituitary gland
b.
pineal gland
c.
thyroid gland
d.
adrenal gland
 

 84. 

Hormones
a.
are the electrical messengers of the glands.
b.
are related to neurotransmitters.
c.
generally maintain a steady state in our bodily functions.
d.
are similar to neurotransmitters, but unlike neurotransmitters, hormones do not require receptor sites.
 

 85. 

A brief electrical current is applied to the cortex causing movements and muscular twitches in various parts of the body. The area stimulated is the
a.
somesthetic area of the parietal lobe.
b.
association cortex of the occipital lobes.
c.
interpretative cortex of the temporal lobes.
d.
motor cortex of the frontal lobes.
 

 86. 

The brain center for audition is in the __________ lobe.
a.
temporal
b.
parietal
c.
occipital
d.
frontal
 

 87. 

Jim does not understand algebra, but he's a good artist. Jim's __________ brain is
probably more fully developed.
a.
left
b.
right
c.
mid
d.
subcortical
 

 88. 

In the brain, the function of the reticular formation is similar to the hotel service known as
a.
advance registration.
b.
maid service.
c.
wake-up call.
d.
room service.
 



 
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