Discuss ethical considerations in research into
genetic influences on behavior
define what makes the BLA unique with its focus on our physiology.
Genetic research can pose risk to participants because of the link between
genetic heritage and people's life.
Genetic information can be stigmatizing and may
affect people's ability to get jobs or insurance.
Concerns in Genetic research:
about the role of specific genes in behavior is still limited so researchers
should be careful about making definite conclusions. Genetic research is
often reductionist as it does not include environmental factors.
research is correlational by nature so one should be careful to make
definite conclusions about the risk of developing a disease.
It is not
certain that genetic research, like the Human Genome Project, is ethically
neutral. There are historical examples of misuse of ethically sensible data
(e.g. eugenics in Nazi Germany) and it is not guaranteed that data could not
be misused again.
research into complex behavior such as homosexuality is controversial
because of the social meaning and significance of homosexuality. Genetic
research could result in stigmatization and discrimination as many societies
are homophobic. The search for the “gay gene” has generally raised
in a genetic study must be sure that their anonymity and confidentiality is
protected but in family and twin studies it can be difficult to ensure this
fully. This is also the case in the research of rare disorders.
have a right to know who owns the genetic information and how it will be
used in the future.
consent and the right to refuse or withdraw
have a right to be fully informed about what the research is about, the
procedures, what could be the result of the study and how the information
will be used.
genetic influences on behavior could potentially pose risks to participants
and the genetic information could be misused.
research can reveal information that is unexpected or a source of distress
to participants (e.g. when a participant has no sign of a disorder but the
data shows a genetic predisposition).
Study to use:
Caspi et al. (2003)....this might be
optional to use a study here. But you could talk about how knowing the size of
someone's 5-HTT gene could affect how they are perceived or even how they