is historically a new concept and it may be culturally specific to some
extent. In the Western world, adolescence is defined as the period of
development between puberty (the time where individuals become capable of
sexual reproduction) and adulthood.
of adolescence is controversial because:
everyone agrees that it is a unique life period across all cultures
enormous individual and cultural differences in the adolescent
research on adolescence has been conducted in
(1991) argue that even if there is no specific word for adolescence, almost
all cultures have a notion of what it is. In some non-industrialized
cultures, the beginning of adolescence is marked by initiation ceremonies
or rites of passage, which are major public events.
initiation ceremonies may be related to adult responsibilities (e.g.
productivity or fertility) in the various societies. In industrialized
societies, there are no formal transition ceremonies and this leaves
adolescence with no clear beginning or end.
(1904) described adolescence as a period of “storm and stress”. While it is
true that some adolescents in the West may experience some problems during
adolescence, it is not the norm.