Distinguish between altruism and prosocial behavior
In evolutionary biology, altruism is defined as behavior that benefits other
organisms but has some costs. The costs and benefits are measured in terms
of reproductive fitness (i.e. expected number of offspring).
psychology altruism is a subcategory of helping behavior. It refers to a
behavior that is meant to benefit another person rather than oneself.
Behavior that benefits another person – sometimes at some costs.
Prosocial behavior refers to acts intended to benefit others. These are acts
that are positively valued by society. Aggressiveness and violent behavior
are not valued by society and this kind of behavior is considered as
Prosocial behavior could be any behavior that is initiated with the purpose
of increasing another person’s physical or psychological well-being and has
positive consequences for that person (e.g. helping, comforting, sharing).
Intentional prosocial behavior is often called “helping behavior”. Donating
money to refugees in Somalia or doing voluntary work are examples of
prosocial behavior that aim to benefit other people.
Behavior that benefits others or has positive social consequences.