Discuss the effects of short-term and longterm exposure to violence


Stress and coping




Effects of short-term exposure to violence (terrorism)


Terrorism includes attacks on civilians with the purpose of injuring or killing as many as possible. Being exposed to violent terrorist attacks may result in depression and long-term PTSD partly because terrorist attacks could lead to a perception of continuous threat to one’s safety and well-being.


Studies to use: Shalev (1995)  and/or Schuster et al. (2001)


Effects of long-term exposure to violence (bullying)


The case of bullying




Study to use: Carney and Hazler (2007)