Using one or more research studies, explain cross-cultural differences in
factors in prosocial behavior
norms, socialization practices in the family, and socioeconomic status are
factors that influence how and when prosocial (or altruistic) behavior is
exhibited. Children learn cultural norms and practices from important others
through observation and through reinforcement.
dimensions such as individualism and collectivism seem to influence the
degree to which prosocial behavior is encouraged in children.
cultures value helping family members, for example when it is essential for
the family’s subsistence. In such cultures children exhibit higher levels of
prosocial tendencies. In individualist cultures that value personal success
and competitiveness, child-rearing practices encourage competitiveness and
pursuit of personal achievement because this will enhance the child’s
likelihood of future social success.
Studies to use:
Whiting and Whiting (1975)
and/or Miller et al. (1990)