Evaluate sociocultural explanations of the origins of violence



Social Learning Theory


Bandura (1977) suggests that people learn to behave violently (including violent attitudes and norms) through direct experiences and through observing models.





Strengths of SLT in relation to violent behavior




Limitations of SLT in relation to violent behavior





Studies to use: Bandura and Ross (1961)  and/or Totten (2003)



Subculture of violence theory (Wolfgang and Ferracuti, 1967)





Evaluation of the theory of subculture of violence




·         Nisbett and Cohen (1996) found support for the theory’s proposition that violence is used to maintain honour in the Southern states of the USA where there are high rates of violence. They argue that a “culture of honour” seems to have survived from the herding economies brought to the area by Irish and Scottish settlers between the 17th and 19th centuries.


Could biological factors cause violence?