Discuss cultural and ethical considerations in diagnosis



Culture may influence psychiatric diagnosis in several ways.


1. Different cultural groups have different attitudes to psychological disorders that might influence the reporting of symptoms and diagnosis (e.g. due to stigmatization).


2. Cultural bias in diagnosis (i.e. the clinician does not observe certain symptoms because he or she is not familiar with the expression of distress in a particular culture).


3. Culture-bound syndromes (disorders that are specific to a particular culture) could be difficult to recognize for clinicians. This could prevent people from being treated.


Emic or etic in diagnosis?