Define the terms culture and cultural norms
It is difficult to
give an exact definition of culture but here are three definitions from cultural
Culture can be defined as the common rules that regulate interactions and
behavior in a group as well as a number of shared values and attitudes in
Culture can be defined as a collective mental programming that is the
“software of the mind” that guides a group of people in their daily
interactions and distinguishes them from other groups of people.
Culture can be defined as a dynamic system of rules, explicit and implicit,
established by groups in order to ensure their survival, involving
attitudes, values, beliefs, norms, and behaviors.
Cultural norms can be defined as the rules that a specific group uses for
stating what is seen as appropriate and inappropriate behaviors, values,
beliefs, and attitudes.
Cultural norms give people a sense of order and control in their lives as
well as a sense of safety and belonging. Cultural norms may encompass
communication style, whom to marry and how, child-rearing practices, or
interaction between generations.
Cultural norms can be explicit (e.g. legal codes) or implicit (i.e.
conventional practices and rituals).