Emotion

 

Objectives:

  1. Identify the three components of emotion, and contrast the James-Lange and Cannon-Bard theories of emotion.

  2. Describe Schachter's two-factor theory, and discuss evidence suggesting that some emotional reactions involve no conscious thought.

  3. Describe how emotions can be differentiated along the dimensions of valence and arousal level.

  4. Describe the physiological changes that occur during emotional arousal and discuss the relationship between arousal and performance.

  5. Describe the relationships between physiological states and different emotions and the effectiveness of polygraph testing.

  6. Describe the nonverbal indicators of emotion and how they vary across cultures.

  7. Describe the effects facial expressions have on emotional experience.

  8. Discuss the significance of environmental and biological factors in the acquisition of fear.

  9. Discuss the catharsis hypothesis, and identify some of the advantages and disadvantages of openly expressing anger.

  10. Identify some potential causes and consequences of happiness, and describe how happiness is influenced by our prior experiences and by others' attainments.

Vocabulary: James-Lange Theory, emotion, Cannon-Bard Theory, two-factor theory, relative deprivation, adaptation-level phenomenon,