Motivation

Objectives:

  1. Define motivation, and identify several theories of motivated behavior.

  2. Describe Maslow's hierarchy of motives.

  3. Describe the physiological determinants of hunger.

  4. Discuss the impact of external incentives and culture on hunger.

  5. Describe the symptoms of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

  6. Describe how researchers have attempted to assess common sexual practices.

  7. Describe the sexual response cycle, and discuss the impact of both hormones and psychological factors on sexual motivation.

  8. Identify factors contributing to increased rates of pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease among today's adolescents.

  9. Describe research findings on the nature and dynamics of sexual orientation, and discuss the place of values in sex research and education.

  10. Describe the adaptive value of social attachments, and identify both healthy and unhealthy consequences of our need to belong.

  11. Describe the nature and sources of achievement motivation.

  12. Distinguish between extrinsic and intrinsic achievement motivation.

  13. Discuss how managers can create and maintain a motivated, productive, and satisfied work force, and identify two styles of management.

Vocabulary: instinct, drive-reduction theory, homeostasis, incentives, hierarchy of needs, glucose, set point theory, basal metabolic rate, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, sexual response cycle, refractory period, estrogen, testosterone, sexual orientation, achievement motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, industrial/organizational psychology, task leadership, social leadership, Theory X, Theory Y.